How much is that doggy in the window? If you have recently been in the market for a puppy for your family home, you are most likely used to this question. Hopeful dog owners are turning to the internet for convenience and options to find their new family member. With the puppy online market growing, it is important to adopt from businesses or breeders who are ethical in their practice. In honor of Puppy Day and our beloved pets, BBB wants to warn consumers about dealing with puppy mills and the need to research breeders.
As you commit to your research online, you may notice stock websites including multiple breeds of puppies in your area. The fluffed up, manicured photos include furry, loveable faces you can’t help but click on. What you may not realize is the thriving exposure of puppy mills – breeding facilities with the emphasis is on profit rather than the welfare of the dogs. These puppy mill individuals do well at masking themselves within the online community, disguising what you may actually be getting for your money.
But our local area isn’t the only one hit hard by immoral breeding and selling practices. The highest concentration of puppy mills is the Midwest – including Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, New York and Pennsylvania- flourishing in the Amish and Mennonite farming community. While these breeders will market themselves as USDA-licensed breeders, this simply means that they are licensed to breed and sell in a restricted manner due to the federal Animal Welfare Act, which does not sufficiently restrict the production number of the puppies. Moreover, since sellers are not required to be appropriately licensed, there is no way to properly track and verify safe living conditions for the puppies.
So, what are the living conditions for many of these puppies? Within these mills, female dogs are overworked to produce multiple types of puppies with no recovery time – supplying the breeder with diverse opportunities for further profit. The puppies may live in houses that are overcrowded and unsanitary, with no proper veterinary care, feedings, grooming and human socialization. Dogs might live in wire flooring cages and exposed to filthy living conditions. These environments leave dogs exposed to malnutrition and untreated medical situations. Puppies are sustaining lifelong fearful behavior due to lack of socialization and being removed from their mothers too early. These problems lead to animals who are fearful, anxious and hostile.
How to spot
How can you steer clear of these disguised online puppy mills? Be aware of the signs of unfair practice before purchasing your new family member:
How you can adopt safely and securely
In March 2013, The Commercial Dog Breeders Act was initiated to restrict “high-volume” breeders within Ohio, taking up the 9/60 rule where breeders can only "produce at least nine litters of puppies in any given calendar year and [sell] 60 or more adult dogs or puppies per calendar year." While this is a step in the right direction for Ohio, puppy mill cruelty is still relevant in the dog marketplace online and in puppy stores. So how can you adopt safely and securely?
Adopt from a shelter or rescue!
Adopting or rescuing from a shelter is the safest solution for you and your pup. These shelters most often have the best interest of the animal at heart, and many of them are last chance adoptions. Remember to do your research on breeds and adopt based on compatibility. Also, if you are looking into a specific breed, check out rescue shelters for that breed. Certain sites like Petfinder.com and Theshelterpetproject.org are safe to turn to if you are looking for online mass searches in the rescue community. If you are looking for a local rescue shelter, look to BBB for reputable charities. BBB Accredited Charities meet all Standards for Charity Accountability.
Visit a reputable breeder and get all the details.
If you dive into your research, you can tell which breeders are reputable. You can find local breeders on the American Kennel Club site and see what trustworthy breeder practices are. With this site’s resources, you can also track down the right breed that fits you and your family. If the breeder provides a showing of the puppy’s parents – you are on the right track. Reputable breeders will guarantee that they are sending their puppies to the right homes.
The Facebook marketplace can be safe place to turn, considering they have banned puppy mills from advertising. This available space is left to your local neighbors who may no longer be able to care for a dog. However, there is still reason to be cautious, considering puppy scammers are still thriving within such marketplaces. Turn to BBB’s puppy scam tips to ensure a safe transaction.
Purchasing a puppy is making a family friend for possibly the next 10 to 15 years. There is no harm in researching your breeder or website dealer to see what you are getting yourself into. As hard as it is to pass on the feeling of saving money by using a puppy mill, purchasing from these dealers simply perpetuates an inhumane business by opening up a new spot for another pup.
Report Puppy Mills
You can report such puppy mills by alerting your police department or animal control authorities.
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