Educational Consumer Tips
Author: Better Business Bureau
Tips for Choosing College Savings
1. Understand the Tax Benefits
A number of college savings options offer federal or state tax breaks. Taking
advantage of these savings options may greatly affect how much you can
accumulate for your child's college education. For instance, if you contribute
to a 529 college savings plan, earnings grow tax-deferred and withdrawals are
tax-free when used for qualified education expenses. And both prepaid 529 plans
and 529 savings plans allow for a gift tax advantage whereby you can contribute
up to $65,000 to a 529 plan in one year.
In addition, many states allow you to deduct some or all of your contributions
to a 529 plan (savings plans and prepaid tuition plans) if you're a resident of
the state sponsoring the plan. In addition, states may offer other tax
advantages for 529
plans. Because of these state tax benefits, you might want to check out your
own state's 529 plan before considering other plans.
Everyone's tax situation is different, and state and federal tax law can be
complex. You may want to talk to your tax adviser about which college savings
options are best for you.
2. Examine Fees and Expenses
A college saving option with higher costs must perform better than a low-cost
option to generate the same returns for you. Even small differences in fees and
expenses can translate into a large difference over time.
This goes for the various expenses involved with many 529 plans as well as
mutual funds or stocks purchased through a Coverdell Education Savings Account.
For mutual funds, check the fee table in the prospectus to see how the costs
add up over time. If you invest in stock, make sure you understand how much in
commissions you must pay and factor them into any gain you may make.
3. Know the Risks and the Rewards of Your College Savings Options
Compared to saving for retirement, your college-saving timeline is relatively
short. At most, it may be 18 years. And for many people, it's a lot less. This
reduces your ability to recover from a sudden market decline. Be sure your
savings are spread over many types of investments. That way your entire college
fund won’t get wiped out if one sector or asset class—like stocks or
Carefully evaluate any college saving vehicle, and its investment options,
before investing. Investment options with higher rates of return may take risks
that are beyond your comfort level and are inconsistent with your goals. To
learn more about the investment strategy of investment options you are
considering and their risks, read the following materials:
529 Plans. Read the offering circular or prospectus. It usually contains the investment strategy and risks of a 529 plan and its investment portfolios.
Most 529 plans provide this document on their websites.
Mutual Funds. Read the prospectus and shareholder reports. These are usually available from the mutual
fund companies or your financial professional. Mutual fund prospectuses also are available in the SEC's EDGAR database.
Stocks and other securities. Read a company's registration statement or annual (Form 10-K) and quarterly (Form
10-Q) reports. These are typically available in the SEC's EDGAR database. For companies that don't file in EDGAR, email the SEC'sOffice
of Investor Education and Advocacy, or call (202) 551-8090, to see whether the company has filed any documents with the SEC.
4. Understand Your College Savings Plan's Limitations and Restrictions
What happens to your college savings if your child decides not to go to
college, you have another child or you lose your job? These events and many
others could dramatically impact your college savings strategy. Unfortunately,
most college savings options have various restrictions and limitations that may
impact your ability to react to a changing situation. Review carefully any
college saving options you're considering to make sure they have the
flexibility and control you feel you need.
Provided by Finra: http://www.finra.org/Investors/SmartInvesting/SmartSavingForCollege/P123936