Educational Consumer Tips
Author: Better Business Bureau
Tree Care Companies
There are thousands of companies in the U.S. that provide tree care services such as pruning, removal, fertilization, cabling and bracing, disease and insect control, protection from lightning and more. When considering a tree care company, remember that trees are alive. Company employees require a great deal of technical knowledge to provide appropriate care. Inappropriate care can injure or kill your trees.
Most consumers do not have the technical knowledge needed to determine what course of treatment or type of pruning is correct for their tree. You usually need to rely on the professional recommendations given by a tree care company. This is why it is very important to check the credentials of a business claiming to be a tree care company. Don’t just hire someone with a chain saw who knocks on your door!
Ask how the job will be done and if they will perform the work according to industry standards. If they mention “topping a tree,” “lion’s-tailing” or “using climbing spikes to prune a tree” the company does not follow industry standards. “Topping” is drastically cutting back the major limbs of a tree to reduce its size. “Lion’s tailing” is an extreme stripping out of most of the interior branches of a tree. Such practices can injure or kill your tree. Sometimes these techniques will be presented as a way to save money by removing more of the tree at one time. However a tree pruned by one of these methods usually requires more expensive restoration work in the future in order to save it. Sometimes the damage will not be visible for years after the work is performed, making restoration almost impossible.
Safety and Insurance
Tree care is one of the most dangerous professions in the U.S., particularly if performed by amateurs or untrained personnel. Statistics show that performing tree care is more dangerous than working for a police or fire department. Most homeowners have no idea how easily they can be killed – especially when working on a tree near electrical wires. This is the most dangerous part of tree work and homeowners should never do this kind of work. Every year homeowners are injured or killed trying to do their own tree work. They should not perform tree work involving climbing of any kind or work from a ladder to prune a tree. Homeowners should not fell (cut-down) trees.
Tree workers employed by companies are injured also. It may seem callous, but you should protect yourself from being held responsible if a worker is injured on your property. Ask the company for an insurance certificate. Many professional companies have copies of these ready for you. The insurance should cover worker’s compensation, property damage and personal liability in case of accidents. Homeowners have been held responsible for tree workers injured on their property. In such cases the company may have appeared professional but did not have adequate – or in some cases any – insurance. You can be left holding the bag if a company with or without insurance damages your property and then fails to take responsibility.
Recommendations, References, Meeting the Company
Seek recommendations from neighbors, friends or business associates who have hired professional tree care companies before. Ask the tree care company for references. Many will be able to provide them from neighbors or others in your community. Pay attention to your instinctive feelings when you contact companies by phone as well as when they send a representative to look at your trees. Try to arrange a face-to-face meeting with the representative when they first come to your property.
The person looking at your trees should be dressed professionally, have knowledge of industry standards, be willing to provide a current insurance certificate, and be prompt and courteous. They should provide you with a written estimate that has detailed work specifications so you know exactly how much work the company plans to do.
Avoid estimates with vague specifications such as: “Prune trees - $300.” This doesn’t tell you how much work the company plans to do. Another company’s bid might be higher because they plan to do more work, and it is to be done by better trained employees. You would not hire a building contractor whose estimate only stated, “Build House: $175,000.” You would likely demand more information. You should demand detailed specifications for tree work, too.
Storm Work and Emergencies
Storms tend to bring out the best – and worst – in people. Some “fly-by-night” companies do what is called storm chasing. Typically they are people with pickup trucks and chain saws going door-to-door seeking work after a storm, often without insurance and proper training. They may have larger, professional-looking trucks. Don’t be fooled. Even after a storm a professional tree care company should provide the same information – insurance certificates, references and credentials – as in non-emergency situations.