Better Business Bureau is warning students looking for work this summer to be careful to avoid job scams.
Internet and newspaper ads are posting the claim: “summer job, make $300 a day!”; “last year our employees made $10,000 over the summer.”
Here are 10 tip-offs that the “employment opportunity” could be a scam:
1. Big bucks for simple tasks. Watch out if they promise to pay you a lot of money for jobs that don’t seem to require much effort or skill. If it sounds too good to be true; it might be a scam.
2. Job offers out of nowhere from strangers. If they offer you a job without getting an application from you first, meeting you, or doing an interview, it’s probably a scam. Don’t hand your personal employment information (especially your Social Insurance Number). That could lead to identity theft.
3. Requests for up-front payments. If someone wants you to make an advance payment to “get in” on the ground floor of a new business opportunity - especially if it’s a big investment, or you don’t have much information about the deal - this is a major red flag. Don’t do it. “Advance fee scams” are very common and they come in many varieties.
4. They ask you to wire the money. If you wire a payment to somebody, it’s gone forever. Wire transfers of money are a convenient and perfectly legitimate service. But scam artists often ask you to wire payments that they are requesting (especially to destinations in other countries) because they know you won’t be able to get your money back.
5. High pressure to do it now. Don’t be in a hurry to accept an unsolicited offer of work, or to make a business investment, particularly if the other party is asking you to spend your money on the deal. Take your time. If somebody tries to convince you that this is a “limited time” offer and you have to act now, just tell them to forget it. Ignore anybody who pushes you to agree. High pressure is usually a sign that something’s wrong.
6. Refusal to give you full details in writing. Ask for complete information in writing. Request proof of any claims. Look carefully at any documentation they might provide to make sure it answers all your questions. If they won’t give details, or don’t respond to questions, don’t do business with them.
7. References are missing or a bit suspicious. A real business should be able to give you many professional references – not just a few. Be sure to ask for references and check them yourself. Don’t be swayed by a few written testimonials that sound fabulous. Even if the references seem good, don’t make your decision based on references alone. Do a thorough background check. For starters: try a web search on the company name and see what comes up.
8. Contact information is missing or doesn’t make sense. Be very cautious if a company is trying to get you to accept a job or do business, but seems to lack any established physical location with a real street address. A cell phone number and website address are not enough contact information. If there’s no street address, look out. (P.O. boxes are easy to hide behind – scammers often rent them, and move on quickly.) If there is an address, it’s worth taking a moment to check it on the Internet. It’s common for phony operations to claim they are at an address that is not their true location. Use an online tool like Google Street View which shows actual photos of the location.
9. They want you to buy a bunch of expensive stuff. If they expect you to make a major purchase of equipment, software, inventory, or information in order to get started in business, be very careful. Often these are the most persuasive scammerss. It seems like it might be a real business opportunity – but it’s not. Here’s what happens: the buyer makes the purchase and never receives the things needed to set up the business. You can avoid this situation! Check the business out completely before you send any money at all.
10. It’s got a bad rating with the BBB. Victims do complain to the BBB about many different types of scams. It only takes minutes to check a company’s record with us at:
www.ottawa.bbb.org or call the BBB if you need assistance before making your decision, it could save you both money and aggravation. If you have been victimized, file a complaint with BBB and also report the complaint to the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre at: www.antifraudcentre.ca.