Better Business Bureau is warning cash-strapped families to beware of some online payday lenders that claim they are not beholden to state or federal laws regarding licensing requirements, debt collection practices or caps on interest rates.
“Desperate times are leading people to the Internet to apply for payday loans and many are falling deeper into debt after getting tangled up with a lender who has zero regard for the law,” said Kathy Graham, President and CEO of the BBB of Coastal Carolina. “Unlike a payday loan that you might get from a local business, online payday loans require your bank account number and, as a result, the borrower is at the mercy of the lender as more money than they counted on is withdrawn from his or her account.”
Hundreds of people have complained to BBB after signing up for a payday loan on sites like OnceClickCash.com, 500Fastcash.com, rbtloans.com and Ameriloan.com. Complainants state that they agreed to what they believed was a one-time payday loan — typically a few hundred dollars to be paid off in two weeks. They supplied their bank account information to the lender and the money was promptly deposited.
The arrangement quickly turns into a debt spiral. Complainants state all of their subsequent payments went toward paying off recurring finance charges and never toward the principal. As a result, they report paying two and three times the amount of the original loan and still having the same amount of principal to pay off. One Massachusetts woman who received a loan from Ace Cash Services stated she made over $1,700 in payments to pay off a $225 loan. A borrower in Pennsylvania claimed to be subjected to a 547 percent interest rate on a $300 loan by a lender called United Cash Loans.
Many complainants were surprised to learn that the online lender was not licensed by the state and charged interest rates well over what was allowed by their state usury laws. When confronted, the lender typically responds that they don’t have to follow state or federal laws — often claiming that they are based in another country or on Native American reservations and are sovereign nations.
Following an investigation and lawsuit by the West Virginia Attorney General against online payday lenders, officials stated that they had evidence to prove the lenders who claimed tribal sovereignty were not actually part of the tribe but were merely “renting” it for the purposes of claiming shelter from state and federal laws.
A story on online payday lending in the Los Angeles Times cites that state officials and consumer advocates find it impossible to track this unregulated industry but, “suspect that it involves thousands of Web sites generating billions of dollars in revenue nationwide.”
“The bottom line here is that if you are handing over your bank account information online to get a payday loan without doing your research, you are setting yourself up to pay hundreds and even thousands of dollars more than you bargained for,” added Graham.
When looking for a payday loan online BBB recommends the following:
For more information or to schedule an interview with a BBB spokesperson, contact Kathy Graham at 843-488-2227.