Many Factors Impact this Important 3-Digit Number
A credit score is probably the most important number that we carry through life, and BBB says there are several ways to maintain and improve it.
The credit score system, developed by the Fair Isaac Corporation, is commonly referred to as a FICO score. The score is a number between 300 and 850 that helps lenders calculate an individual's credit-worthiness and risk. A FICO score below 560 is considered to be poor, and above 760 is rated as excellent.
It is the result of analyses of consumers' credit histories and existing habits, and can determine whether you qualify for a credit card, a new car, student loan, mortgage, or business loan, and what your interest rate will be.
FICO weighs several elements in determining individuals' credit scores:
The first thing any lender wants to know is whether pay your bills on time. This is one of the most important factors in a FICO Score.
Having credit accounts and owing money on them does not necessarily mean you are a high-risk borrower. However, if your debt load takes up a high percentage of your available credit, it may reflect an inability to properly pay off lines of credit.
Length of credit history......15%
In general, a longer credit history will increase your FICO Score. However, even people who haven't been using credit long may have a high FICO score, depending on how the rest of the credit report looks.
Types of credit.....................10%
The score will consider your mix of credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, finance company accounts and mortgage loans.
Research shows that opening several credit accounts in a short period of time represents a greater risk - especially for people who don't have a long credit history.
Consumers should understand the difference between a credit score and a credit report.
A credit report shows a consumer's credit history, including how much credit they have available, how much of that they have used and any pattern of late or missed payments. These reports are maintained by the credit reporting agencies Equifax, TransUnion and Experian and available free of charge every 12 months.
On the other hand, consumers are not entitled to have free access to their credit score, which can cost anywhere from $12 to $20. Nonetheless, some credit card issuers are attracting customers by offering to allow them to check their credit score without charge every month.
Better Business Bureau offers the following tips to improve or maintain a good credit score:
Establish credit - A good credit history is essential. If you don't have any credit cards, you might consider opening an account, using it sparingly and paying it off at the end of the month. Someone with no credit cards tends to be regarded as higher risk than someone who has managed credit cards responsibly.
Visit AnnualCreditReport.com - Consumers are entitled to one free report from each of the three companies, from the government-sanctioned website annualcreditreport.com. It is vital to check these reports for inaccuracies, and dispute any errors. Checking your credit reports does not affect your score. Please note, Georgia consumers are allowed two free copies of their credit reports, from each major credit reporting agency, each year. In today’s world of increasing identity theft, it is essential that consumers check their credit report if for nothing more than to ensure someone else has not stolen their identity.
Pay off debt rather than move it around - Debt is debt, and shuffling it around from one line of credit to a new one can be a problem. Opening an additional credit line to do this can weigh down a credit score.
Pay off highest balances first - Though you may be tempted to pay off smaller balances first, paying down a large balance on a particular line of credit may raise your score, because it represents the freeing-up of a larger portion of your available credit.
Don't hide - If you are over your head in debt, contact your creditors. If you can start managing your credit and paying on time, your score should increase over time. Seeking assistance from a credit counseling service will not hurt your FICO score.
Set up bill pay reminders - Being late or missing payments tells lenders that you are not reliable with money. Consumers can set up a reminder of upcoming payments or automated payment through a financial institution, for utilities, credit cards and other payments.
Having a lot of available credit is less important to lenders than how much of it you use, and whether you pay your bills on time.
You will find additional tips on managing your credit through BBB's Managining Credit - Made Simpler program, at www.bbb.org/credit-management.
For information you can trust, please visit bbb.org.